Mechanical watch holds a special place in the world of timekeeping. These timeless pieces are not only accurate and precise, but they also possess a charm and elegance that is impossible to replicate with modern technology. However, there is often confusion surrounding the question of how does a mechanical watch works. Put, a mechanical watch movement is driven by the mainspring. When the mainspring is wound, it stores the mechanical energy that powers the watch, which is transmitted through the gears to the balance wheel and oscillates it, causing the watch hands to move at a constant speed. Automatic mechanical watch is driven by the wearer’s natural body movement. But for manual mechanical watch, the wearer need wind the mainspring by hand.

    This blog post will cover topics such as what a mechanical watch is, how it works, how to wind and care for it, and other related mechanical issues. So let’s dive into the world of mechanical watch.

Table of Contents

What is a mechanical watch?

    Mechanical watches use a winding mechanism to measure time, unlike quartz watches.The winding mechanism in a mechanical watch usually powers the movement. It stores energy in a mainspring and transfers it through the gears to show the time on the watch hands.

What is a mechanical watch

   Mechanical watches are often considered being a more traditional, luxurious, and collectible alternative to modern quartz watches. The first watch invented by man was the mechanical pocket watch. Watch enthusiasts like to look through the case back to see how the mechanical watch works and to feel the mastery of the watchmaker. So most of their strap is stainless steel strap or leather strap.
    Most of their strap is stainless steel strap or leather strap.Because most mechanical watches are suitable for more formal occasions, such as business meetings.

How does a mechanical watch work

How does a mechanical watch work

    A mechanical watch works by harnessing the energy generated by a wound spring to turn the gears and power the watch’s functions. Someone wind manually the spring by turning the watch’s winding stem, which tightens the spring and stores potential energy.

As the spring slowly unwinds, they transferred the energy through a series of gears and other components, which regulate the movement of the watch hand and any other functions, such as a date display or chronograph, GMT, dual time.

Mechanical watches do not need a battery. Instead, they have a mainspring that is used to power the watch. It then drives a balance wheel that oscillates four or more times per second. The wearer manually tightened them at regular intervals.

How to wind a mechanical watch

Whether your watch is a mechanical watch with manual winding or an automatic mechanical watch, the method of winding your watch manually is the same.

1. Remove your watch and hold it in your other hand to wind it.

2. Turn the crown clockwise.

3. When the crown locks, the winding is complete.  

how to wind mechanical watch

How to set a mechanical watch

 Pull the crown out.

Then, you turn the hands clockwise to set the time-Usually; you accomplish this by turning the crown toward you.

Press the crown in order to start the watch again.

Mechanical watches last a long time, and how long can they last if properly maintained? Daily use will subject the watch to normal wear and tear, so it is advisable to have the watch serviced every 3 to 5 years.   

Conclusion-how does a mechanical watch work

  The mainspring, not batteries, powers mechanical watches. This is a distinguishing characteristic that sets them apart from quartz watches. The absence of batteries in mechanical watches offers a more traditional and timeless charm that captivates watch enthusiasts. While quartz watches possess greater accuracy and convenience, the original craftsmanship and intricate mechanics of mechanical watches still hold a special place in the world of horology. Ultimately, choosing between a mechanical or quartz watch is a personal decision that depends on one’s preferences, lifestyle, and needs.

  Ultimately, if you’re searching for a watch to add to your collection or impress others with, a mechanical watch is an excellent choice.Or if you want to build a mechanical watch brand, Watchessy offer some classic mechanical watches for you to choose from.


Do mechanical watches need batteries

     The only watches that work without batteries are mechanical watches (automatic and manual). Manual-mechanical watches use a component called the mainspring to store and release energy. In an automatic watch, the natural movement of the wearer’s body oscillates a rotor, which then twists the mainspring to move the hands.

Brief history of mechanical watches

People can trace back the origins of mechanical watches to the 15th century when they invented the first spring-driven clocks. These large wall clocks inspired the creation of smaller pocket watches in the 16th century. By the 17th century, pocket watch became a fashionable accessory and, over time, advancements in technology made them more accurate and reliable. Wristwatches were first introduced in the late 19th century, and by the early 20th century, mechanical watches had become the standard timekeeping devices in many parts of the world. Today, mechanical watches remain popular, especially among watch enthusiasts who appreciate the craftsmanship and engineering that go into creating these timepieces.

How to maintain a mechanical watch

To maintain accuracy and extend the lifespan of mechanical watches, regular maintenance is crucial. Regular maintenance prevents wear and tear and addresses issues that emerge from everyday use. Professional care can prevent water damage, broken parts or inaccuracies, and ensure that the watch is kept in optimal condition.   

  Common issues and solutions

   Mechanical watches can develop common issues like water damage, broken parts, winding problems, or inaccurate timekeeping caused by wear and tear over time.  To fix these issues, it’s recommended to seek professional inspection and maintenance.Watchmakers can disassemble the watch, clean the watch parts, lubricate the bearings to avoid friction, test the accuracy, and replace any damaged or worn-out components, in particular for water damage. Regular maintenance, such as cleaning the crystal or reservations tips, can prevent such issues and ensure that the watch continues to operate accurately for many more years.

  Manual and automatic movement are both mechanical movements. However, the movement of the wearer’s wrist powers automatic movements, which wind the watch and keep it running.  Therefore, if you wear the watch long enough, there is no need to manually wind it. Sometimes, automatic movements offer the advantage of being more accurate. A manual mechanical needs to be wound manually.

   There are hundreds of mechanical watch parts, here is just about the main accessories, mainspring, gear train, escapement , Motion works, Supporting structure, Oscillating weight, etc.

mechanical watch parts

   Because the mechanical movement is more complex, the number of watch movement parts is more than quartz watch.Plus the automation of the production line for assembling the movement is not as good as that of quartz movement, so the automatic watch is much more expensive than the quartz watch. The precision of mechanical watches is not as good as that of quartz watches, and it is easy to keep time inaccurately.

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