Watches have been around for centuries, and they remain a timeless accessory that not only tells time but also reflects the wearer’s style and personality. Whether you’re a watch enthusiast or a casual wearer or a watch entrepreneur, understanding the different components of a watch is essential in appreciating its craftsmanship and functionality. From the intricate inner workings of the watch movement to the external components such as the case, strap, and dial, each part serves a specific purpose in making the watch a reliable and accurate timekeeper.

In this blog post, we’ll explore parts of a watch , The main watch parts name is watch movement,watch case,watch hand,watch strap,watch crown and watch strap.  By the end of this post, you’ll have a better understanding of the anatomy of a watch and the importance of each component in creating a quality watch.  Whether you’re a watch collector or just a watch enthusiast looking to learn how to design a watch or an entrepreneur who want to start your own watch brand, this guide will provide you with the knowledge you need to make an informed decision and appreciate the beauty of your timepiece.

Table of Contents

Watch movement

       A watch movement, also known as a “calibre,” is the engine of a watch, the source of power that runs the watch and its functions. This internal mechanism moves the hands and powers any complications, such as a chronograph, gmt, Tachymeter annual calendar, or dual time zone.  

According to the power source, watch movements are categorized into mechanical and quartz movements. Mechanical movements require regular winding and include manual-winding, automatic, tourbillon, chronograph, and minute repeater movements and mechanical watch dont have batteries. Quartz watch movements are powered by a battery and include basic quartz, chronograph quartz, and multi-function quartz movement.

      According to the countries, movements are categorized as Swiss, Japan, German and Chinese movements. Each country’s movement has its own characteristics and history.

Nowadays, the famous watch movement brand are ETA, Sellita, Miyota, Seiko, and Ronda. These companies provide movements for Swiss, Japanese and Chinese watch manufacturers from affordable quartz watches to luxury mechanical timepieces. Watchessy can manufacture the watches with different watch movement based on the customer’s request.

parts of a watch you should know

Watch case

A watch case is the protective outer shell that houses the internal watch components, including the movement and dial. The case is one of the main parts of watch and protects the watch’s delicate inner workings from damage, dust, and moisture. Watch cases can be made from a variety of materials, including stainless steel, gold, platinum, titanium, carbon fiber, ceramic, and even plastic. Each material has its own unique characteristics, such as strength, durability, and scratch resistance.

The case is made up of several components, including the bezel which surrounds and protects the watch crystal, the case back which covers the back of the watch and is typically removable to allow for servicing or battery replacement, and the lugs  which attach the strap or bracelet to the case. The sapphire crystal is the transparent cover that protects the dial and can be made from materials such as sapphire, mineral, or acrylic. 

Besides knowing the watch case parts, you need to determine the water resistance of the case. Watches for different purposes have different waterproofing requirements for the case. For example, the general waterproof performance of casual watches is 3 or 5 bars. But for diving watches, the water resistance is more than 10ATM.

    The watch hands are essential components that indicates the time and contribute to the watch’s overall design. There are three main types of watch hands: the hour hand, the minute hand, and the seconds hand. The hour hand is the shortest and thickest of the three, and it points to the hour markers on the dial. The minute hand is longer and thinner than the hour hand, and it points to the minute markers on the dial. The seconds hand is the longest and thinnest of the three, and it rotates around the dial, indicating the seconds. 

   Hour and minute hands come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors. The most common shapes are straight, sword, spade, and skeleton, each of which contributes to the overall aesthetic of the watch.  The size of the hands can vary as well, with some watches featuring large, bold hands for easy reading, while others have slender hands that add a touch of elegance to the timepiece.  The color of the hands is also important, as it can contribute to the overall legibility of the watch. White or silver-colored hands are often used on dark dials, while black hands are used on light-colored dials for contrast. Some watches also feature hands with lume material, which allows them to be visible in low-light conditions. 

watch hand

Watch crown

     The watch crown is a small knob on the side of the watch case that is used to set the time and date, wind the movement, and adjust any complications that the watch may have. The crown is an essential component of a watch, as it allows for easy manipulation of the internal mechanisms. And different functions and styles of watches require different crown of a watch. Diving watches, for example, are usually fitted with a screw down crown.

     A watch strap or bracelet is the band that holds the watch to the wrist. It is an essential part of the watch and can affect its appearance and comfort.Watch band parts include the body of the band, the clasp, and the spring bar. The spring bar are small pieces of metal that hold the band in place and attach it to the case. Each strap come with 2 pcs spring bar. If the strap is equipped with switch spring bar, then the strap is interchangeable. This means that a case can be worn with 2 or 3 straps giving the customer more options.


      There are various types of watch straps or bracelets, categorized by material. Leather straps are a classic option, available in different leather, such as calf, alligator, or ostrich. Rubber straps are durable and waterproof, ideal for sports and dive watches. Metal bracelets, usually made of stainless steel or titanium, provide a sleek and modern look. NATO straps, made of nylon, are lightweight and breathable, popular for casual or military-inspired watches. Finally, mesh straps, made of woven metal, offer a unique look and breathability.

watch strap style

       The watch face, also known as the dial, is the main component of a watch that displays the time and other features. It typically consists of hour markers, minute markers, and hands to indicate the time. Some watch dial also have additional features such as date displays, chronograph, moon phase and GMT functions. 

Conclusion -what are the parts of a watch

Understanding the parts of a wrist watch can enhance your appreciation and knowledge of this timeless accessory. From the movement to the case, crown, strap, and face, each component plays a vital role in the watch’s function and style. Whether you’re a watch enthusiast or simply someone who appreciates the craftsmanship of a quality timepiece, knowing what are the parts of a watch called can help you make informed decisions when selecting or maintaining a watch. With this watch accessory expertise, you can not only take your love of watches to the next level and fully appreciate the beauty and complexity of these extraordinary devices, you can also avoid making some mistakes in buying a watch or creating a watch brand yourself.

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