A watch movement – the engine of a watch that acts as the powerhouse to make the watch and its functions operate. – is a crucial component that determines its accuracy, reliability, and durability.  And when it comes to watch movements, few countries can match the reputation of Switzerland.

Swiss movement watches are known for their precision, accuracy.In this blog post, we will explore parts of a watch movement,what is a Swiss movement watch, History of Swiss movement, advantage of Swiss movement watches.This guide will provide you with a comprehensive overview of Swiss movement watches and their significance in the world of horology.

Table of Contents

What is a watch movement

what is a movement watch

   A  watch movement (also known as a “calibre”) is the engine of a watch that controls the motion of the watch hands and displays the time accurately. There are three main types of watch movements: quartz, mechanical, and automatic.

parts of a watch movement

The components of a watch movement are the individual parts that make up the mechanism that powers a watch.  There are four main parts of a watch movement: the power source, the regulator, the transmission, and the display.


The power source is the component that provides the energy to power the watch.  In quartz watches, the power source is a battery that powers a quartz crystal oscillator.  In mechanical and automatic watches, the power source is a mainspring that is wound by hand or by the movement of the wearer’s wrist.


The regulator is responsible for controlling the rate at which the power source is released, which determines the accuracy of the watch.  In quartz watches, the regulator is a circuit that controls the frequency of the quartz crystal oscillator.  In mechanical and automatic watches, the regulator is a system of gears and levers that control the speed at which the mainspring is unwound.


The transmission is the component that transfers the power from the power source to the display.  In quartz watches, the transmission is an electronic circuit that sends a signal to the display.  In mechanical and automatic watches, the transmission is a series of gears and wheels that convert the rotational energy of the mainspring into the motion of the hands.


    The display is the component that shows the time on the watch.  In analog watches, the display is a set of hands that indicate the hours, minutes, and sometimes seconds.  In digital watches, the display is a digital readout that shows the time in numerals.  Some watches also have additional displays, such as date or chronograph functions, which are powered by additional components within the watch movement..

parts of a watch movement

What is a Swiss movement watch

a Swiss movement watch can be defined as a watch that has a movement mechanism that meets the criteria for the “Swiss Made” label set by the Swiss Federal Council.  This includes the requirement that the movement is assembled in Switzerland and undergoes full quality control inspection by the manufacturer in Switzerland, and that at least 50% of the value of the watch’s movement components (not the entire watch) is derived from Swiss-made components.

what is swiss movement

What is a Swiss quartz movement

Instead of mechanical moving gears, wheels, and other components, a Swiss “quartz” watch is one that is powered by a quartz movement, complete with electronic circuit board, synthetic quartz crystal, and battery.

What is a Swiss quartz movement

What is a Swiss automatic movement

Swiss automatic movements are mechanical watch movements that use the wearer’s wrist motion to wind the mainspring. They are known for their precision and craftsmanship, and are a popular choice among watch enthusiasts.

what is swiss movement

What is a Swiss mechanical movement

A Swiss mechanical movement is a type of watch movement that uses a spring-driven mechanism to power the watch.  It is known for its precision, craftsmanship, and attention to detail, and is widely regarded as one of the best types of watch movements in the world.

Swiss movement History

Swiss watch movements have a rich history dating back to the 16th century, when Huguenot refugees brought their skills to Geneva, Switzerland.  Over the years, Swiss watchmakers have become known for their precision, innovation, and dedication to quality craftsmanship.  In the early 20th century, Swiss watch movements faced competition from cheaper and more accurate American-made watches, but Swiss manufacturers adapted by focusing on high-end luxury timepieces.  In the 1970s, Swiss watch movements faced new competition from quartz watches, but the industry rebounded by producing high-end luxury mechanical movements.

Swiss watch movements manufacturer or brand






Patek Philippe

Audemars Piguet





  As for the future of Swiss watch movements, the industry is facing new challenges from smartwatches and other wearable technology.  However, many Swiss watchmakers are adapting by creating their own smartwatches or by focusing on producing high-end luxury mechanical movements that offer features and craftsmanship that cannot be replicated by technology.  Additionally, some Swiss watchmakers are exploring the use of new materials, such as silicon, to improve the accuracy and reliability of their movements.  Overall, the future of Swiss watch movements looks promising, as many watch enthusiasts still appreciate the tradition, history, and quality of mechanical watch movements.

Advantage of Swiss movement watches

Precision: Swiss-made watch movements are known for their precision and accuracy, thanks to the country’s long tradition of watchmaking and high standards for quality control.

Craftsmanship: Swiss watchmakers are renowned for their attention to detail and commitment to craftsmanship, resulting in timepieces that are both functional and beautiful.

Durability: Swiss-made watch movements are designed to be durable and reliable, using high-quality materials and rigorous testing processes to ensure longevity.

Prestige: Swiss-made watches are associated with prestige and luxury, with many of the world’s most prestigious watch brands being Swiss-based.

Innovation: Swiss watchmakers are constantly innovating and pushing the boundaries of watchmaking, resulting in new technologies and features that enhance the functionality and desirability of their watches.

 Conclusion About Swiss Watch Movements

In conclusion Swiss watch movements are good because Swiss watch movement are the industry standard.They are known for their precision, craftsmanship, and durability and quality. Watchessy offer a range of high-quality Swiss watch movements.

Related post

Additionally, for those interested in comparing Swiss movements to other types of watch movements, we recommend reading a comprehensive article that covers the topic in more detail.

Watch movement types

    A watch movement is essentially the engine that powers the watch and determines its accuracy, durability, and functionality.Understanding the differences between watch movement

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